Most of the people will define The Canary Islands as a place to rest, take sunbaths and enjoy the beach. And that is true, but The Canary Islands are much more than that. Don’t you think that if you are planning to visit them you should know a little bit more about them? Maybe you find a new place to visit or an experience to live.
The Canary Islands are located in the Atlantic Ocean in front of the coast of Morocco. There are only 95 kilometres of distance from the African continent to the eastern-most point of the islands.
The archipelago is formed by seven big islands called El Hierro, La Gomera, La Palma, Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria and Lanzarote and many other islets such as La Graciosa, Alegranza, Montaña Clara or Isla de Lobos.
The Canary Islands have volcanic origins, so it cannot be any surprise if we say that most of their hills are really volcanoes, fortunately they are all sleeping. There are three main mountain ranges which act as the skeleton of the archipelago: Anaga in the Northeast, Teno in the Northwest and Adeje in the southern part. We find in Tenerife Island the highest hill of Spain, a 12,198 feet tall volcano called Teide. Teide is considered a Natural Monument and Human Heritage by UNESCO.
There are no permanent rivers in these islands, the streams appear and disappear depending on the volume of rain, which is usually really low.
The Canary Islands are characterized by their tropical weather but due to their location there are several micro weather types all along the archipelago. The Canary Islands suffer the influence of a polar front and also of high pressures coming from The Azores.
Thank you to the combination of several winds The Canary Islands have lower temperatures than the expected in this part of the planet. The usual medium temperatures vary from 17º to 23º.
Natural protected areas
There are many natural protected areas in this archipelago, something which open a wide range of possibilities when traveling to the islands.
Teide National Park, Tenerife
This is the biggest park in the islands and its main attraction is Teide Mountain. One of the curiosities of this place is that it has many geologic similarities with Mars, that is why there are many studies being developed here in order to learn more about the Red Planet.
La Caldera de Taburiente National Park, La Palma
This park is in the middle of the island. The depression is 2,952 feet high. The typical flora in the park is pines, rockroses, heather and laurel, among many others. Talking about animals, the most common are doves and reptiles.
Garajonay National Park, La Gomera
Wet fog is very usual in Garajonay due to the nature of its plot, formed by basaltic rocks and volcanic materials. But despite what you may think there are more than 20 different species of tree in this park such as beech, yew or heather. The most common animals in Garajonay are reptiles and birds, especially doves of different kinds.
Timanfaya National Park, Lanzarote
Timanfaya is a volcanic park formed by 25 volcanoes; Montañas del Fuego and Caldera del Corazoncillo are two of the most renowned ones.
Dunas de Corralejo National Park, Fuerteventura
This national park is very rare and spectacular as it is really a field of sand. These dunes are formed by sand coming from the nearby Sahara desert and produce a great landscape which attracts many visitors all the year long.
Lobos Island Natural Park
This natural park take up the whole Lobos Island. In this island you will find more than 130 vegetal species and many species of birds, and also idyllic beaches with golden sand and clear water.
Jandía Natural Park, Fuerteventura
Jandía Natual Park is a desert-like area but it is very rich in endemic fauna and flora. In this area there are many protected birds, some of them can only be found in this part of the World.
Did you learn something new about The Canary Islands? Will you change any of your holidays activities?